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Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses

Ancient Greek Philosopher
Greek Philosopher

Ancient Greece was one of the most sophisticated civilisations in the ancient world. When we talk about Ancient Greece, we usually mean the years between 800 BC and 146 BC when there was a lot of cultural, social and scientific progress.

Ancient Greece is often called 'the birthplace of Western Civilisation', because we still follow a lot of its philosophy, architecture and culture today. Ancient Greek literature and poetry is still popular today; school children worldwide still study the vast range of Greek myths, which feature mythical monsters, heroes and Greek gods. The Olympic Games, which began in Greece in 776 BC as a religious festival dedicated to Zeus, took place every four years for over 1000 years!

The Ancient Greek period came to an end when it became part of the Roman Empire in 146 BC. However, the Romans respected the Greeks and they adopted several Greek gods as their own, as well as being influenced by Greek architecture and culture.

Olympic Games
The Olympic Games
began in Greece

Ancient Greece God and Goddesses Facts

Max and Katie Ancient Greece for Kids

Max and Katie visit Ancient Greece

The city-state Sparta was well-known for its strong army. Spartan boys trained to become warriors from the age of 7 years old!

Greek Helmet

Ancient Greek pottery was decorated with scenes of soldiers, gods or daily life, as well as geometric patterns.


Ancient Greek Vase

The Parthenon is a temple in Athens that was built to honour the goddess Athena. It took around 15 years to build!

Parthenon

Zeus

Ancient Greece God - Zeus
Zeus - Ancient Greek God

The Ancient Greeks worshipped many gods and goddesses. Many of the gods were part human, which meant they were not perfect! They were immortal, though, which means they would live forever. Ancient Greeks believed that the twelve most important gods lived on Mount Olympus.

Zeus was the wisest and most important of all the gods. He was God of the Earth and the Sky, and is often shown holding a bolt of lightning. The Ancient Greeks believed that Zeus threw bolts of lightning when he was angry, causing our thunderstorms.

Athena

Ancient Greek Helmet

Ancient Greece was not a united country with one king or leader. Instead, it was made up of lots of city-states, each with its own ruler. There was always a large city at the centre of a city-state. Each city-state had formed its own government, and some had kings as well. The two most powerful city-states were Athens and Sparta.

Sparta is well-known for its military strength. It had a very strong army, because Spartan boys trained to become warriors from the time they were 7 years old. They joined a tough military school where they learnt how to become a mighty warrior.

Zeus

Ancient Greece God - Zeus
Zeus - Ancient Greek God

The Ancient Greeks worshipped many gods and goddesses. Many of the gods were part human, which meant they were not perfect! They were immortal, though, which means they would live forever. Ancient Greeks believed that the twelve most important gods lived on Mount Olympus.

Zeus was the wisest and most important of all the gods. He was God of the Earth and the Sky, and is often shown holding a bolt of lightning. The Ancient Greeks believed that Zeus threw bolts of lightning when he was angry, causing our thunderstorms.

Athena

Ancient Greek Helmet

Ancient Greece was not a united country with one king or leader. Instead, it was made up of lots of city-states, each with its own ruler. There was always a large city at the centre of a city-state. Each city-state had formed its own government, and some had kings as well. The two most powerful city-states were Athens and Sparta.

Sparta is well-known for its military strength. It had a very strong army, because Spartan boys trained to become warriors from the time they were 7 years old. They joined a tough military school where they learnt how to become a mighty warrior.

Poseidon

Medusa
Medusa

Ancient Greece is famous for its mythology. Greek myths are stories that include magic and creatures, as well as the Greek gods and goddesses. There is usually a message at the end of the story. The myths were often stories of good versus evil, with characters facing difficult obstacles.

Medusa and her two sisters were monsters called Gorgons. Medusa looked like an ugly witch with poisonous snakes instead of hair. She turned people to stone by looking them in the eye. She was eventually defeated by Perseus, who avoided looking Medusa in the eye by using his shield as a mirror to see where she was. He then slayed her with his sword.

Athena

The White House
The White House, Washington D.C.

The Ancient Greeks built many impressive buildings, including temples, theatres and palaces. We still use many of the Ancient Greek designs and styles today.

You will often see these designs in government buildings, museums and libraries, because modern democracy and arts are based on Ancient Greek ideas. Buildings tended to be symmetrical, with very high ceilings.

Examples of Ancient Greek styles being used in modern buildings are everywhere: for example the British Museum in London and The White House in Washington DC.




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